Policy Memo

By and / 2.22.2017

Apple’s introduction of the iPhone in 2007 initiated a profound and transformative new economic innovation. While central bankers and national leaders struggled with a deep financial crisis and stagnation, the fervent demand for iPhones, and the wave of smartphones that followed, was a rare force for growth. Today, use of mobile data is rising at […]

By / 12.7.2016

In the United States and other advanced countries, governments and individuals regularly lament the high and ever-rising costs of healthcare; and the ongoing aging of their populations virtually ensures that these costs will continue to increase — perhaps at substantial rates. Many analysts identify the development and broad use of new healthcare technologies as primary […]

By / 11.30.2016

In the past two decades, the mounting risks posed by climate change have motivated businesses, cities, states, national governments, and the international community to pledge to take action to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Given the scale of the problem, the breadth of action must be effective and must set the foundation for increasing mitigation […]

By / 10.31.2016

Opponents of trade and trade agreements like the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) often frame the trade debate as a battle between “the elites” and average Americans, especially American workers. Trade skeptics charge that America’s pursuit of rules-based, open trade is essentially an exercise that’s by and for big multinationals and the Wall Street one percent, while […]

By / 9.26.2016

When Americans think of trade, we tend to focus on large, world-leading multinationals. We usually don’t think of a small food exporter like Pacific Valley Foods, which started in a couple’s home office, or of The Pro’s Closet, an online global reseller of used biking gear founded by a pro cyclist. But, like these businesses, […]

By / 9.8.2016

The college affordability crisis looms large for working and middle class Americans. Parents and students are reeling from record levels of student loan debt and ever-increasing tuition hikes. Total student loan debt is now a record $1.26 trillion and the typical 2016 college graduate has $37,172 in student loan debt, up six percent from last […]

By and / 4.14.2016

In 2002, researchers from the Brookings Institution and the Progressive Policy Institute (PPI) wrote a groundbreaking study entitled “The Price of Paying Taxes: How Tax Preparation and Refund Loan Fees Erode the Benefits of the EITC.” This report was one of the first to highlight the costly dependence of low-wage workers on national tax preparation […]

By / 3.10.2016

The next generation of wireless is on the horizon.1 While the standards for 5G are not yet finalized, it’s clear that when 5G does arrive, it will mean faster streaming video, lower latency, and higher capacity. Companies such as AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, Ericsson and Nokia are in test mode, with widespread consumer rollout of 5G […]

By / 1.7.2016

The first time I visited a Summit Public School, in February 2014, I pulled up in front of a long, low, one-story building in an office park setting. I was sure I had the wrong address—but no, there was a sign. This was Summit Denali, in Sunnyvale, California. Inside, my surprise deepened. All the students, […]

By / 9.28.2015

Back in 2012, the Progressive Policy Institute identified the shortfall in business capital spending— or the “investment drought”, we termed it—as one of the major economic problems facing the U.S. economy. As we wrote then, “su1stainable economic growth, job creation, and rising real wages require domestic business investment.” Unfortunately, three years later, the United States […]