A Smart Way to Finance High-Speed Rail: Restructuring the Highway Trust Fund into a results-driven transportation fund

By / 9.28.2010

Download the entire memo.

Since announcing an $8 billion “down payment” for high-speed rail development, the Obama administration has been silent about how to pay for a program as ambitious as the Interstate Highway System.

The interstates cost more than $250 billion in current dollars to build. A fast train network, based on systems being developed worldwide, most noticeably in China, could be equally expensive.

So far, Congress has come up with $2.5 billion in general fund appropriations for high-speed rail (HSR) in 2010, and the administration has asked for $1 billion a year for the 2011-14 budgets. Such allocations are hardly enough to begin detailed engineering for California’s HSR proposal between Los Angeles and San Francisco, let alone the nine other intercity corridors that the White House has envisioned.

On Labor Day, President Obama proposed a $50billion transportation infrastructure program that would include 4,000 miles of rehabbed and new railway track. The proposal calls for integrating HSR projects into the next surface transportation bill, a promising step that would ensure some level of federal commitment to the program over the five- or six-year life of the bill. But again, the president did not specify how he would finance HSR or the larger infrastructure program other than to say that his administration “is committed to working with Congress to fully pay for the plan.”

The president’s reticence raises a legitimate question: Can the nation afford HSR in a time of looming federal deficits?

The answer is yes – financing HSR is entirely feasible, but will only happen if the administration and its congressional allies take bold steps to rebalance our transportation priorities. Fortunately, there is both a funding source and a road map for moving from today’s scattershot federal transportation spending to a results-driven enterprise.

The funding source is the Highway Trust Fund, with approximate funds of $52 billion a year. Allocating a portion of highway funds for rail construction is an equitable way to wean drivers away from auto travel by providing them with a faster, safer, and more environmentally sound alternative.
Congress could easily allot $5 billion a year for HSR construction – without an increase in the gas tax – by cutting out earmarks and formula-based grants that now soak up billions of dollars, according to the General Accountability Office (GAO). Such fund reallocations could not only jumpstart HSR projects but serve as seed money for public-private partnerships to get the work done.

Already, international rail operators have expressed interest in competing for high-speed train contracts in the U.S. But these groups are waiting for the Obama administration to lay out a comprehensive financing plan before structuring bids. The use of a well-established and reliable source of transportation financing could make these deals happen.

Download the entire memo.