Publications

Publications

PRESS RELEASE — PPI President: Law Enforcement Has Not Met Burden of Proof on Encryption

WASHINGTON—PPI President Will Marshall today released the following statement after a U.S. federal magistrate ordered Apple to help the Federal Bureau of Investigation unlock the encrypted iPhone of one of the San Bernardino shooters: "The Progressive Policy Institute has long advocated a forceful U.S. response to the threat of jihadist terrorism. With the rise and…

The Trans-Pacific Partnership and Small Business: Boosting Exports and Inclusive Growth

With the release of the full text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), America now has an important—and extensive—opportunity to review the agreement’s actual terms. Critics are certain to reprise old arguments, including those that blame trade for economic disruptions whose origins often lie elsewhere. And they’ll offer newer criticisms, including the claim that TPP isn’t…

Indonesia: Road to the App Economy

Indonesia’s growth rate has been slowing in recent years. In the second quarter, GDP grew 4.7% over the same quarter of the previous year, the smallest gain since 2009. Part of that slowdown is due to global economic weakness that has hurt commodity exports. However, that only points out the need to find another, more…

TPP and the Benefits of Freer Trade for Vietnam: Some Lessons from U.S. Free Trade Agreements

Countries trade because trade delivers mutual benefits. New market-opening trade agreements like the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) can enhance the shared benefits of trade by eliminating barriers to expanded international commerce and deepening economic cooperation between partners. It’s not surprising, therefore, that a detailed economic simulation of freer commerce under the TPP finds that each…

Vietnam and the App Economy

All around the world we are seeing the rise of the App Economy—jobs, companies, and economic growth created by the production and distribution of mobile applications (“apps”) that run on smartphones. Since the introduction of the iPhone in 2007, the App Economy has grown from nothing to a powerful economic force that rivals existing industries.…

Uncovering the Hidden Value of Digital Trade: Towards a 21st Century Agenda of Transatlantic Prosperity

The United States and the European Union enjoy one of the healthiest trade relationships on the planet. The nearly $1.06 trillion [€770 billion] of goods and services theyexchange each year accounts for almost one-third of the annual trade flows worldwide.  And yet, even figures that large may be only the tip of the iceberg. As…

The BEPS Effect: New International Tax Rules Could Kill US Jobs

Tax avoidance by multinationals, and the creative use of loopholes, has long been part of the international tax system. Governments have usually responded with targeted measures to close those loopholes. But after the Great Recession, many national governments faced extraordinarily tight budgets and huge debt burdens. It was therefore especially galling for politicians in the…

The Blame Game: Multinational Taxation in an Era of Knowledge

U.S.-based companies such as Google, McDonalds, Starbucks, Apple, and Mi-crosoft are being attacked by European politicians for not paying their fair share of taxes. For example, in March 2014 Google was hit by a French tax assessment of perhaps as much as a billion euros according to press reports at the time. In November 2014,…

The Digital Opportunity: Democratizing Trade for the 99 Percent

Trade critics often charge that proposed trade agreements like the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) essentially serve the one percent—while harming virtually everyone else. But new trade pacts actually present a significant opportunity to drive more inclusive trade—especially by supporting the revolution in digitally enabled global commerce. In this policy brief, we explain why it is…

Taxing Intangibles: The Law of Unintended Consequences

Can efforts to put new and stricter tax rules on tech and other knowledge companies actually backfire and hurt global growth? There’s a sense of outrage and worry in Europe that American tech giants such as Google and Apple seem to be beating European rivals soundly. At the same time, governments claim that many global…