Publications

Publications

Serving up better wages for restaurant workers: Why eliminating the tipped wage is no panacea

Restaurant workers are reputed to be among the lowest paid workers in the country. One reason restaurant workers, and servers in particular, are perceived to be so poorly paid is the fact that tips often make up a good chunk of their pay, while the hourly wage they receive from their employers is lower than…

America’s Resilient Center and the Road to 2020 – Results from a New National Survey

The Progressive Policy Institute (PPI) today released a national opinion survey that highlights the surprising resilience of America’s pragmatic political center two years into Donald Trump’s deeply polarizing presidency. The poll reinforces a key takeaway from the 2018 midterm elections: Suburban voters – especially women – are repelled by the president’s racial and cultural demagoguery…

How Will the Post-Brexit Data Wall Affect the European Union?

As of March 2019, the United Kingdom will have the status of a “third country” from the perspective of the European Union and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Will the EU accept that UK data protection standards are high enough to grant them the status of “adequacy,” which will allow data to flow more…

Defunding America’s Future: The Squeeze on Public Investment in the United States

Policymakers who have chosen to slash critical public investments in future generations while simultaneously saddling these generations with a mountain of debt are jeopardizing the long-term economic health of the United States. Failure to correct course could have serious consequences for the economy and the American people, including lower incomes, fewer high-quality jobs, and a…

Litan for RealClearPolicy, “Fixing the American Dream Machine”

Fixating on the traditional aggregate measures of the economy’s health — GDP growth, the unemployment rate, or the inflation trade — ignores not only rising income and wealth inequality, but the fact the American Dream machine has been sputtering for at least two or three decades. Stanford’s Raj Chetty and his co-authors have shown that…

A Scalpel, Not an Axe: Updating Antitrust and Data Laws to Spur Competition and Innovation

Americans justifiably have long taken great pride in the unmatched ability of the U.S. economy to enable entrepreneurs to launch and grow highly innovative companies that drive growth and advance living standards. Bold entrepreneurs and the companies they founded brought us modern communications, airplanes, automobiles, computer software and hardware, and electricity and other forms of…

The Rise of the Internet of Goods: A New Perspective on the Digital Future for Manufacturers

It is relatively easy to digitize a song or a bank account. Yet fully digitizing physical industries such as manufacturing and agriculture has proven much more challenging. Manufacturers have taken the first step towards digitization by putting sensors into existing products such as turbines and tractors and using the resulting data to improve performance. The…

An Economic Analysis of Japan’s Current Mobile Communication Policy from the Competition and Innovation Perspective

Since 2016, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) and the Japan Fair Trade Commission (JFTC) have tried to promote more competition in the mobile market in order to encourage economic growth and promote fairness. In particular, the government agencies have restricted handset subsidies in an effort to lower rates. The results of these policies have…

Five Ideas for a Pro-worker, Pro-employer Agenda

In the aftermath of President Donald Trump’s election and inauguration, former Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders urged Democrats to remake themselves as warriors in opposition to big business as the strategy for winning back voters. “We need to … make it crystal clear that the Democratic Party is going to take on Wall Street,…

Confronting China’s Threat to Open Trade

A Smarter Strategy for Securing America’s Innovation Edge In early April, reportedly after “zero substantive internal debate,” President Trump ordered the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) to consider imposing additional tariffs on $100 billion in Chinese products. Trump’s order claimed that new tariffs were needed to retaliate against China’s threatened retaliation for tariffs that Trump had announced…