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European App Economy Jobs Update, 2019

By / 9.5.2019

In this note we update our previous estimates of European App Economy jobs. Our latest research estimates that the EU-28 countries (plus Norway and Switzerland)  have 2.093 million App Economy jobs as of July 2019.  That’s up 27% from the 1.642 million jobs that we estimated for January 2016 in our first European App Economy jobs report (released June 2016).  We follow the methodology described in the appendix to our 2017 European App Economy report. For a summary description of the basic approach, see the recent update on U.S. App Economy jobs.


We also estimate European App Economy jobs by mobile operating system. As of July 2019, there were 1.584 million jobs in the European iOS ecosystem and 1.693 million jobs in the European Android ecosystem. (The iOS and Android numbers add up to more than the total, because many App Economy jobs belong to both ecosystems).

European App Economy Jobs by Operating System (July 2019)*
(thousands)
Total app economy 2093
iOS ecosystem 1584
Android ecosystem 1693
*30 country total. Includes estimates for Norway and Switzerland
Data: ILO, PPI, Indeed

Our approach allows us to estimate European App Economy jobs by country and leading cities.  The top country for App Economy jobs is the United Kingdom, followed by France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden. The UK is the leader in iOS ecosystem jobs, with France closely followed by Germany.  France and the UK are tied for the lead in Android ecosystem jobs.

European App Economy Jobs by Country (July 2019)
(thousands)
Total app economy jobs iOS ecosystem jobs Android ecosystem jobs
Austria 25 19 21
Belgium 29 22 23
Czech 42 29 30
Denmark 52 41 37
Finland 48 37 42
France 350 236 296
Germany 296 233 239
Greece 10 6 8
Hungary 25 17 20
Ireland 20 16 12
Italy 94 70 77
Luxembourg 4 2 3
Netherlands 212 171 163
Norway 43 36 37
Poland 78 53 60
Portugal 37 28 27
Romania 24 19 21
Spain 101 77 82
Sweden 98 72 84
Switzerland 34 25 31
United Kingdom 366 295 296
30-country total* 2093 1584 1693
*Includes estimates for Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
Data: ILO, Indeed, PPI

The top European city for App Economy jobs according to our research is London, followed by Paris, Amsterdam, Stockholm, and Berlin. Germany has a remarkable six cities in the top 30 and the Netherlands has four cities in the top 30. Noticeably missing from the top 30 list is Rome.

European App Economy Jobs by Major City (July 2019)
(Thousands)
Total app economy iOS ecosystem Android ecosystem
1 London 175 141 141
2 Paris 169 114 143
3 Amsterdam 84 68 64
4 Stockholm 56 41 47
5 Berlin 54 43 44
6 Rotterdam* 45 36 34
7 Barcelona 42 32 34
8 Helsinki 36 28 32
9 Copenhagen 34 27 25
10 Eindhoven 34 27 26
11 Madrid 33 25 27
12 Milan 30 23 25
13 Munich 30 23 24
14 Manchester 26 21 21
15 Utrecht 25 21 20
16 Oslo 25 21 22
17 Prague 25 17 18
18 Warsaw 22 15 17
19 Frankfurt 22 17 17
20 Stuttgart 21 17 17
21 Lisbon 21 15 15
22 Brussels 20 15 16
23 Cologne** 20 16 16
24 Budapest 20 13 15
25 Lyons 19 13 16
26 Hamburg 18 14 15
27 Zurich 18 13 16
28 Birmingham 16 13 13
29 Krakow 15 10 12
30 Dublin 14 11 9
*Radius around Rotterdam is only 45 kilometers to avoid overlap with Amsterdam.
**Includes Dusseldorf.
Urban areas are defined as 50 kilometers or 30 miles around a center city. We did not have data for urban areas in Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta,  Slovakia, and Slovenia.
Source: Progressive Policy Institute

We also looked at change in App Economy jobs by country over time. To reduce the effect of statistical noise, we compared the average of the 2016 and 2017 estimates with the average of the 2018 and 2019 estimates. We note that the only countries with declining App Economy jobs are Italy and Poland. The United Kingdom’s 5% increase is surprisingly small, and perhaps reflects the impact of Brexit. By contrast, Ireland’s App Economy employment rose by 24%.

Change in App Economy Jobs by Country, 2016-17 to 2018-19
(thousands)
2016-17* 2018-19** percentage change
Austria 20 32 64%
Belgium 24 28 14%
Czech Republic 29 35 19%
Denmark 40 50 26%
Finland 51 51 1%
France 244 287 17%
Germany 289 319 10%
Greece 7 8 11%
Hungary 17 19 14%
Ireland 14 18 24%
Italy 99 92 -7%
Luxembourg 2 3 31%
Netherlands 155 193 25%
Norway 46 51 11%
Poland 68 63 -7%
Portugal 29 34 15%
Romania 21 25 18%
Spain 82 92 12%
Sweden 82 95 16%
Switzerland 32 34 7%
United Kingdom 326 342 5%
*Average of 2016 and 2017 estimates. **Average of 2018 and 2019 estimates. Source: Progressive Policy Institute